Living Labs

Seven Living Labs in Europe and Africa are central to the action-research approach. These are located in climate change hotspot with specific geographical and climatic settings, where climate services are co-produced with end-users from multiple sectors to meet their climate information needs.

The Living Labs are located in:

  • Spain and Lesotho - semi-arid-and arid areas that are challenged by multiple and increasing climate-related hazards such as droughts and heatwaves, as well as land-use transitions due to rural abandonment;

  • Netherlands and Greece - delta and coastal areas challenged by increasing incidence of drought, heatwaves and floods, as well as sea level rise; and temperate river basins with seasonal snow cover, challenged by changing precipitation patterns and rising temperatures

  • Hungary - urban areas challenged by rising temperatures and heatwaves, exacerbated by urban heat islands.

  • Georgia and Italy – river basins in temperate and sub-tropical continental climates challenged by water excesses but also water shortages to meet the needs of agriculture, the environment, and hydropower, as well as other sectors such as tourism and forestry.

Please read more on each of the Living Labs below.

Map of the seven I-CISK Living Labs

Upper and Middle Guadalquivir Basin, Spain

Agriculture, Livestock, Forestry
and Water Scarcity

Living Lab 1

Living Lab 2


Emilia Romagna, Italy

Agriculture and Domestic
water resources


Rijnland Basin, the Netherlands

Water recreation, shipping
nature conservancy

Living Lab 3

Living Lab 4


Crete, Greece

Multi hazard Sectoral
climate change assessment
for Tourism


Budapest, Hungary

Tourism, health, and urban

Living Lab 5

Living Lab 6


Alazani River Basin, Georgia

Water supply, hydropower
energy and forestry


Southern Lesotho and Senqu Valley, Lesotho

Food security, drought &
humanitarian aid

Living Lab 7