Namibia is one of the largest and driest countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The region has an arid desert/steppe climate (Köppen classification: BWh, BSk), with the coastal region tempered by cold oceanic influences. Climatic variability is very high, with persistent droughts, highly unpredictable and variable rainfall patterns, variability in temperatures and scarcity of water. Namibia is at a high risk to suffer from the impacts of climate change, exacerbating the impacts of droughts and dry. These impacts include lower crop yields and enhanced risk of crop failure; reduced livestock production; reduced water availability and quality, food security, health and sanitation; increased occurrence of water- and vector-borne diseases; loss of soil fertility and increased erosion.
This Living Lab has a focus on climate services to support anticipatory actions to drought. The primary sectors considered are Humanitarian Aid and Disaster Risk Reduction, but climate information needs for agriculture and forestry are also addressed.